Happy Independence Day to my fellow Americans! I am looking forward to a long weekend of food and fireworks (and trying to soothe frightened dogs).
In an early celebration, I participated in David Anderson’s eLearning Heroes Challenge this week with a quiz on avoiding cognitive overload in multimedia learning. (and, now that I am writing this I am wishing I had given it a fireworks theme… hindsight…)
Anyway, I had fun making it and think it is kind of a cool quiz.
The quiz asks the person taking it to create a Storyline slide with minimal cognitive load. Yes, the learner is “creating” a Storyline slide within a Storyline project.
It focuses on the use of Mayer’s 10 Principles of Multimedia Learning. You can use the “hint” link on the player to access more information about those principles.
I initially wanted to do this with drag and drop, but in the interest of time decided it would be best to just use some buttons.
Well, when I was creating the buttons for the Image category, there were two key pictures – one with a single key and one with a bunch of keys. To me they very simply illustrated the difference between the necessary information and extraneous context. I decided that this would be a great simple image and topic to run with.
Again, in the interest of time, I decided to limit the number of elements the learner had control over. 3 elements were key (pun intended) – the audio, the image, and the text.
For audio, I started with just a simple On or Off choice. However, since timing is an important element of Mayer’s 10 principles, I switched it up. There ended up being 3 choices – Audio on with image/word syncing, audio on with no syncing, and audio off.
I used the image to touch on the idea of only including essential information. This could have been done in other ways as well, but I figured this would be the simplest. So, there were 3 images choices – basic (one key), with context (a whole keychain), and no image. In a drag and drop scenario, you could have more control over placement, but for simplicity the image placement is set.
The text got a little more complicated. There are so many ways to include text on a slide! I broke it into 2 categories that covered most text options: amount of words (key words vs. longer descriptions) and word placement (with the picture or standing off on the side). You also have the option of including no image. This gives the learner 5 different text options.
There were lots of triggers with lots of conditions in this project. With 45 different possible set ups, I had to be mindful about how I set up the slide logic.
One way I minimized items on the screen was to make good use of states. The audio had 2 visual states (on and off), the image had 3 (bare bones, with context, and hidden), and the text had 7 (hidden, a paragraph, bullets, key words for both image states, and short descriptions for both image states).
I also needed to make sure that all the buttons changed the states of any elements they affected. So, for instance, if you have set up a complex image with key words, then changed to the simple image, the placement of the key words needed to change.
The logic for allowing the learner to preview the slide they created and for giving feedback got a little tricky, but I won’t go into detail on that here. However, if you would like to see the project file, just drop me a line or comment below.
Give it a try!
Click the graphic below to test our your knowledge of Mayer’s 10 Principles of Multimedia Learning.