This past week in the blended learning MOOC I’m participating in, we discussed interactions in a blended learning classroom. There are a few key points that I think are important for anyone creating any class, whether blended, online, or completely face to face.
Types of interactions
There are several types of interactions that students can have in a classroom. They are:
- Student to content (e.g. reading, homework, reflection)
- Student to instructor (e.g. lecture, Q&A, feedback from assignments)
- Student to student (e.g. group work, discussion, peer reviews)
All three types of interaction are important and all should be incorporated in any classroom.
The role of the teacher
A teacher is now rarely thought of as someone up in front of the classroom spewing knowledge and expecting you to take it all in. Active learning, engagement, flipping, and other educational trends have changed that image. There are lots of opinions on what exactly is the role of an instructor.
The teacher is still seen as the expert, critiquing and drawing attention to good and innovative work. Students are learning from the expert and each other. This model works well for art, writing, or other topics where students can gain insight from each other’s work.
In this model the primary role of the teacher is to help students form connections. Students have a large role in driving their own learning. The teacher is there to build the skills they need to make connections, make sure they are on track, and fill in any gaps.
Often seen in K-12 classrooms, in this model the instructor provides soft guidance through the use of lecture and external resources while at times allowing the learners more room for exploration.
The teacher is seen as an expert learner, curating resources and creating a space for exploration. Learners are able to explore freely, but are given materials, concepts, and other resources as a roadmap for learning.
Note that in all of the models students are interacting with content, the instructor, and each other. Students are at least partially responsible for exploring, creating, or otherwise driving their own learning. The role of the instructor, while slightly different in each, is focused on guiding and evaluating learning.
Both synchronous and asynchronous activities can be used for student expression and engagement. Below are some methods for fostering engagement and interaction in any course.
|Asynchronous discussion||Any course can make use of asynchronous discussion. Even in technical fields, students may discuss the best methods for solving problems or grade each other’s work.||Students have more time to explore an idea and prepare what they want to say. This can lead to deeper discussion and is a huge benefit to students who need extra time due to language, ability, or other factor.|
|Synchronous discussion||Synchronous discussion can happen in a classroom or online via webinars and chat rooms. In very large courses, smaller groups may be used. Each group can then report out one or two key points.||This can provide a sense of community and can be easier for an instructor to moderate.|
|An instructor may assign roles to students, rotate facilitation of discussion boards, ask students to report back on offline activities, or make each student responsible for researching and sharing information on a particular topic.||This allows more student to student interaction, giving students an opportunity to learn from and critique each other. It also encourages students to dive deeper into the material.|
|Students may blog, podcast, create videos, tweet, create an ePortfolio, present to the class, or complete a project.||This gives students a chance to reflect and express their thoughts. Students may describe a process, express opinions, or create work based on concepts and theories presented in class. Student to student interactions can be increased by providing a space for peer feedback.|
|Group work||Students may work together on a wiki, a research project, a class presentation, or case studies.||This builds community and allows students to learn from each other.|
If you need some guidance on how to plan interactions, this list of questions can help.
Check out the previous post on blended learning basics to get started.
If you’re interested in learning more, I would encourage you to sign up for this MOOC.
Next time: Blended Assessments
Questions? Comments? Leave them below!