Assessment is an important part of any course. We want to make sure that our methods are working and learners are learning things (correctly!).
One of the things that I love about the blended and flipped classroom movements is the focus on assessment through projects, discussion, and other non-test means. Today I’m going to take a brief look at formal and informal assessments, in addition to some best practices for online quizzes.
Formal (Active, Authentic, Creative) Assessment
Formal assessment does not necessarily mean an exam. Instead, students may be asked to:
- create a portfolio piece (image, audio, lesson plan, the possibilities are endless!)
- write a research paper
- design a web site or visual resume
- research and present on a topic
- work with a client to solve a real problem
- tell a story through writing, audio, or video
- create a technical drawing or model
- design and build a prototype
- provide proof of application to their life/job
Note that any of these assignments could be submitted in person or online. In fact, some (web site, video, etc.) may be more suited to an online submission.
Regardless of the type of assignment, the goal is to replicate, as closely as possible, what application of their new knowledge might look like in the ‘real world’. The key to successful projects and authentic assessments is to set expectations through thorough instructions that include a checklist or rubric. Rubrics should always be shared when a project is assigned and should have measurable criteria.
I love informal assessments. I often think that they can hold more insight than a formal one and are a great way for an instructor to see which students need extra support. In addition, informal assessment can also be more fun for students.
One idea I like is the use of Twitter. Assign a hashtag for the course and have students tweet answers to questions, summaries of articles, or links to resources they have found. Summarizing complex ideas into 140 characters can be tough!
Kevin Kelly puts forth the idea of the one-sentence summary. For this activity students write one sentence that answers all the important questions – who, does what, to whom (or what), when, where, why, and how. It is important that the instructor feedback for this activity touches on both what the student did grasp and what they did not grasp – either through errors or omission.
Kelly also brings up the idea of student generated test questions that may then be used on a test, if appropriate of course. This also gives the instructor an understanding of what students are and are not grasping.
A Good Old Fashioned Quiz
Of course, sometimes you just need to give a quiz – perhaps if you are offering a course for certification or have 200 students in your class. If this is the case, technology can offer some great resources. Most online quizzing tools, whether built into an LMS or not, offer:
- Randomization of test items
- Assessment time limits
- Rules for completion (such as requiring completion within one sitting)
- Support for proctoring
If you do go this route, the University of Central Florida has compiled some great resources for combating cheating and writing effective test questions. Their blended learning MOOC also shared a great resource on configuring quiz settings.
Regardless of the type of assessment, remember that the point is to make sure students are learning and to gather insight into your effectiveness. Be sure you use assessments not only to assign grades, but also as a way to see what is working and what is not, and then make changes accordingly.
Questions? Comments? Leave them below!
This is my third (and a half) post about blended learning as I work my way through a MOOC on blended learning.
Check out my previous posts on blended learning and my series on flipped learning:
Next time: connecting the online and face-to-face elements